About Molivos (Mithymna)
Molivos (or Mithymna) at the northern tip of Lesvos is arguably
the most beautiful village of the island with its picturesque
harbour dominated by the castle and tiers of red-tiled stone
houses climbing up the slopes away from the blue sea. At night,
the flood lit castle turns the harbour into one of the most
romantic places on earth, perfect for a special dinner-for-two.
Molivos, the capital of the Province, and the contiguous
villages of Skala Sykamnia, Sykamnia, Lepetymnos, Argenos, Vafios
and rural area of Eftalou comprise the present Municipality of
Mithymna. According to mythology, Mithymna was one of the five
daughters of the mythical King Makara. During the middle ages
Mithymna takes on the name Molyvos or Molivos. The writing of
Molyvos with an iota (i) could be considered the proper way to
spell the name, if we were to accept the assumption that the stem
of the word is the West European periphrastic denomination Mont d'
olives (mountain of olives).
The traditional architecture of the town reflects the modus
vivendi and social life styles of the past. In 1965 the competent
authorities put a preservation order on the entire settlement of
Molyvos (Mithymna), thus declaring it a protected town. Mithymna
owns an archaeological collection with impressive findings from
the surrounding area, and a library with a collection of over ten
thousand volumes and manuscripts.
In the past, music was the beloved activity of the Mithymnian
people. Arion was a brilliant poet who set music to verses like no
other. Zeus, Dionysos and Hercules were especially worshipped.
Virgile mentions that the grapes of Mithymna were unequalled in
their aroma and nectars.
Since 1960, tourist development has played a critical role in
the life and evolution of Molyvos. Every year a significant number
of cultural events and conferences, both national and
international, are held in Molyvos. Art exhibitions, lectures,
theatrical performances and folklore events are held in the town.
Apart from the tourist industry, the local inhabitants also
work in the fishing, olive cultivation, cattle-breeding and
A carefree, cheerful life. A cool breeze blows by
the blue sea in the morning. Serenity in the late afternoon. The
golden sunrise. Fishing boats and nets at the stone port.
Merry-making at night, in the starlit town. Pegeantry during the
festive nights under the illuminated castle. He who drinks the
water, forgets it not and returns...